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Healthc Inform Res > Volume 14(4); 2008 > Article
Journal of Korean Society of Medical Informatics 2008;14(4):471-483.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4258/jksmi.2008.14.4.471    Published online December 31, 2008.
Unfolding for Color Volume Dataset Using the Difference of Segmented Contours
Yihwa Kang, Byeong Seok Shin, Dong Sun Shin
1Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering, Inha University, Korea.
2Department of Anatomy, Ajou University School of Medicine, Korea.

OBJECTIVE: Unfolding is a rendering method to visualize organs at a glance by virtually incising them. Although conventional methods exploit gray-scale volume datasets such as CT or MR images, we use the Visible Korean Human dataset preserving actual color. This can be helpful for the study of anatomical knowledge. Segmented images of Visible Korean Human dataset store the boundary of organs. Since medical experts manually perform the segmentation from anatomical color images, it is very time-consuming. In general, therefore, some images selectively sampled with interval from entire color images are segmented. When we generate a segment volume dataset with the selected images, final results are deteriorated due to lack of segmentation information for missed images. In this paper, we solve this problem by generating intermediate images without performing a manual segmentation.

METHODS: Firstly, after comparing differences of organ's contours in between two consecutive segmented images, we represent the differences as a user-defined value in the intermediate images. This procedure is repeated for all pairs of manually segmented images to reconstruct entire volume data consist of manually segmented images and their intermediate images. In rendering stage, we perform the radial volume ray casting along with the central path of target organ. If a ray reaches to a region having the user-defined values, we advance over the region without compositions to the boundary of that region. Then the color composition is begun by performing backtracking, since the advanced region is regarded to the thickness of it.

RESULTS: As a result, we can produce high quality unfolding images for the stomach, colon, bronchus, and artery of the Visible Korea Human dataset.

CONCLUSION: Since our approach can be applied to virtual dissection including actual human colors, it is helpful for the endoscopy and anatomy studies.

Key Words: Unfolding, Visible Korean Human Dataset, Segmented Images, Volume Ray Casting
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